DIY - Replacing Main Tire and Tube

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ricksigler
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DIY - Replacing Main Tire and Tube

Post by ricksigler »

Intro:

Changing the main tires is not difficult if you have the right tools. The whole process of changing one tire and tube took me approximately two hours. The most difficult part is breaking the bead. My friendly A&P had a bead breaker that I used, but it was still difficult. I suspect there are other ways to break the bead, but I’m sure they all probably use some type of press.

Step 1:

Print out and review the following pages from the AMM:

Standard Torque Values - Chapter 20-00-00, pages 3 - 5.

Install a Brake Cylinder - Chapter 32-40-00, page 207 (Shows the torque value for the two bolts that attach the back plate).

Remove/Install a Main Wheel - Chapter 32-40-00, pages 201 – 202.

Step 2:

Order your parts. I obtained mine from LindaLou. I searched the internet and that store seemed to have the best price. Make sure you don’t use a Goodyear tube since they have problems (I had a landing with a flat tire at a remote airport because of their defective tube). Here’s a copy of the invoice for the tire and tube.

Image

Step 3:

Assemble your tools:

Phillips screwdriver
10mm, 11mm, and 13mm sockets and open end wrenches.
Wire cutter
Pliers
Jack (I have a Bogart jack I carry in the plane)
Loctite (the removable type)
Talcum powder
Soapy water
Grease

Step 4:

Jack up the plane. Make sure you use wheel chocks or some other method so the plane doesn’t move while you are working on it.

Step 5:

Remove the wheel fairing:

Use the Phillips screwdriver to loosen the pop screws on the inside of the wheel fairing and remove the cover plate. Here’s a photo:

Image

Use the 11mm socket to remove the two bolts on the inside of the fairing. Here’s a photo:

Image

Use a 10mm socket to remove the one bolt and washer on the outboard side of the fairing. The main fairing should now come off.

Step 6:

Remove the brake back plate:

Use your wire cutters to cut the safety wire on the two bolts on the back plate of the brake caliper. Remove the two bolts. The outboard side of the brake pad will come loose. Here's a photo:

Image

Step 7:

Remove the tire from the axle:

Use your 10mm socket and open ended wrench to remove the bolt and nut locking the large aluminum sleeve that holds the wheel and brake rotor in place. Here’s a photo of the sleeve after I removed the bolt and nut and unscrewed it part way:

Image

Unscrew the large aluminum sleeve and pull the tire, hub and brake rotor straight off the axle. Mine was a little difficult, but after a few pulls, it popped off. Here’s a photo of the axle after the wheel was removed:

Image

Step 8:

Remove the tire and tube from the hub:

Use your 13mm socket and open ended wrench to remove the three bolts and nuts holding the brake rotor in place and the two halves of the hub together. Remove the brake rotor. Reinstall one of the bolts and nut to hold the two halves together while you break the bead. Let all of the air pressure out of the tire. Break the beak of the tire. As I stated before, this was probably the most difficult part of the process and I had the use of a bead breaker. Remove the old tire and tube. Remove the one bolt and nut that you use to hold the hub together and remove the tube and tire from the hub. Here’s a photo of the hub, brake rotor, tire and tube before installation:

Image

Step 9:

Install the new tire and tube:

Put some air into the new tube. The tube will have some powder on it already, but thoroughly coat the tube with talcum powder to prevent it from getting pinch punctures from the tire. Next, use the soapy water and coat the bead of the tire and the hub so the tire will set properly. Put the valve side on first and then insert the tube. Make sure the tube does not get pinched when you install the other side of the hub and then install that side of the hub. You will probably need to attach one of the bolts and nut to bring the hubs together before you attach the brake rotor. Attach the brake rotor and install and tighten the three bolts and nuts to the correct torque value. Pump up the tire and listen for any leaks.

Step 10:

Put the tire back on the axle:

Lightly grease the axle where the wheel bearings rest and push the tire back onto the axle. Screw the aluminum sleeve back on and make sure the hub is all the way on the axle. Back the sleeve off very slightly and then install the lock bolt and nut.

Step 11:

Install the brake back plate and wheel fairing:

Install the brake pad with the two bolts and torque to the correct value. MAKE SURE YOU NOW CORRECTLY INSTALL THE SAFTETY WIRE. If you don’t know how to do it, get your A&P to help you. There is a correct way to do it. Install the wheel fairing in reverse order from removal. Use the loctite on the bolt with the large washer on the outboard side of the wheel fairing or it may vibrate loose.

Step 12:

Make the appropriate entries into the log books.
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Steve
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Re: DIY - Replacing Main Tire and Tube

Post by Steve »

Rick:

Nice post! Luckily, when I did this (during the last annual) I was able to break the bead simply by standing on the tire sidewall. I would add that the new tire should be rotated so that the light point (marked by the red dot) is aligned with the valve stem. This helps balance the wheel/tire assembly. I also repainted the red stripe (slip mark).

Steve
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Re: DIY - Replacing Main Tire and Tube

Post by ricksigler »

Thanks for the info Steve. My A&P weights close to 300 lbs. and stood on the tire and tried to break it with no success. You're lucky if that method works, but I wouldn't plan on it.
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Re: DIY - Replacing Main Tire and Tube

Post by Robin »

Thanks Rick Excellent info to have, you never know when you might need to do this!
Robin
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Re: DIY - Replacing Main Tire and Tube

Post by BlackMammoth »

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Joey
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Re: DIY - Replacing Main Tire and Tube

Post by Joey »

OK. So you were thoughtful and bought an emergency tire replacement kit. How do you break the bead if you are in a remote location with no bead breaker? In a remote location type of fix, if the safety wire is not installed for one flight, is it likely to fail on landing? I'm assuming that you would then fix it correctly once back at a place with maintenance available. Would a can of compressed air like "fix-a-flat" for that emergency fix be enought to fill the tire?

We have had 4 flats in 4 years. It does happen and makes me think twice about landing in a remote location that does not have maintenance.
Joey Ritchie
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JGG Williamsburg VA
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ricksigler
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Re: DIY - Replacing Main Tire and Tube

Post by ricksigler »

Joey wrote:OK. So you were thoughtful and bought an emergency tire replacement kit. How do you break the bead if you are in a remote location with no bead breaker? In a remote location type of fix, if the safety wire is not installed for one flight, is it likely to fail on landing? I'm assuming that you would then fix it correctly once back at a place with maintenance available. Would a can of compressed air like "fix-a-flat" for that emergency fix be enought to fill the tire?

We have had 4 flats in 4 years. It does happen and makes me think twice about landing in a remote location that does not have maintenance.
Joey,

When I landed with the flat, the tire bead broke loose when rolling to a stop and was not a problem. Since we had no clue what we were doing, we jacked the plane up using a hydraulic jack a couple of guys had. We did not completely remove the wheel, so we didn't cut the safety wire (I have some with me now). We removed the three hub bolts and removed just the outer half of the hub and pulled the tube out and one of the guys went into a small town and got a patch kit. We put it all back together (left off the fairing) and flew back to KABQ. Lucky for me, I had a small tool kit and tire pump with me (see my post about maintaining proper tire pressure). Now I have everything with me to fix a flat including a jack and spare tube just in case it happens again. I suspect that the flats will not happen again or not as often since I got rid of the defective Goodyear tubes. I wouldn't try the fix a flat method. I've never seen it work.

Rick
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Re: DIY - Replacing Main Tire and Tube

Post by smoss »

What type of jack will work with our plane besides a standard aircraft jack that you can carry with you easily? In one of the pics it looks like a small yellow jack is somehow being used, but can't figure out where it would lift as our struts are angled and have nothing to lift under. I'd like to figure out how to jack a wheel easily myself, but don't really want to invest in a $300 aircraft jack.
Thanks.
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Re: DIY - Replacing Main Tire and Tube

Post by BlackMammoth »

You can convert a ram from Harbor Freight or Northern Tools with a little work. Example: http://flying250.tripod.com/id24.htm

If you don't have the metal fabrication equipment or skills, then: http://jackhouse.com/ProductDetail.asp? ... duct_id=24
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Re: DIY - Replacing Main Tire and Tube

Post by smoss »

Just found some at Spruce for $229, but still hoping to find a small one that will work with our plane like in the pic above.
Steve
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